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To be creative is a part of human psyche. The primal simplicity of human desire is to make a better and more comfortable world for ourselves. Interior design is so much more than “what looks right”. Good interior design adds new dimension to space and modern housing designs.

Professional Interior designers, usually follow a set of rules based on specific principles and elements. These elements include line, form, color, texture and pattern. Keeping them balanced is the key to creating an aesthetically pleasing interior. In addition to enhancing the appearance of a room, getting these elements to work together in harmony will also bring an increased functionality.


Although this element is impossible to isolate from the others, the lines of a room have a tremendous impact on the overall look and feel on the space you are trying to create. Your eye will move around the room according to which lines are present and how those lines interact or intersect with one another.

There are many ways to manipulate how your eye will move within and throughout the space. Horizontal lines, for instance, give the impression of a relaxed environment. Vertical lines draw the eye upward and are more active or energetic than horizontal lines.

With its strongly linear lines, this office has a dramatically masculine, nearly austere aesthetic. Diagonal lines are dynamic and work best in modern, lively interiors; spaces where the added visual energy makes sense. Note that too many diagonal lines can inject a sense of confusion so these are best used sparingly.


Form is simply the three-dimensional shape created by various lines. Every piece of furniture and accessory you introduce has a form. Consider what currently exists and how those forms could be complimented by the addition or subtraction of competing shapes. A boxy sofa, for instance, might be balanced with a circular coffee table.

If you are aiming for a masculine look, consider square or rectangular shapes to emphasis strong, linear lines. If you are aiming for a more feminine atmosphere, try adding round or curvy shapes for a softer look.


There have been considerable breakthroughs in the last several years in regards to how we understand and relate to color. For now though, we’ll stick with the tried-and-true color wheel. Instantly recognizable, the color wheel illustrates the relationship between primary, secondary and tertiary colors as outlined below:


Red, blue and yellow; the building blocks of the color palette.


Orange, purple and green; the mix of roughly equal parts of the primaries.


Everything else; mixes of uneven and variable amounts of primary colors. Although this room is a blend of various sky-blues, the overall look is grounded with the addition of the darkly stained side chairs and the glass and iron coffee table. All monochromatic schemes require a visual break; one or two elements to create enough visual tension to underscore the monochromatic palette. The colors used in this image are pale and subtle but by juxtaposing blue against purple, the room becomes lively and dynamic without being overwhelming. Whichever direction you choose, keep in mind that color, including everything from the color on the walls to the color of your tiniest accessory, will have an impact on your overall scheme.


Patterns are used to both highlight and disguise particular features within a room. Patterns should be considered carefully, however, as without regard to their scale; coloring, or intensity, patterns can overwhelm or dominate an otherwise successful scheme. Three factors must be considered in the selection of patterns: • The size of the room versus the amount of the individual pattern in the room. • The scale of the shapes and colors of which the pattern is composed. • The intensity of colors within the pattern. In general, small patterns consisting of small shapes and subdued colors will have a subtler effect than the use of a large pattern with distinct, contrasting colors. Particularly, trendy architectural pattern attracts huge attention toward design, As the various patterns in this bedroom are similar in scale and color intensity, none of them dominate or overpower the room. Even with the busy wallpaper, the deep solid orange bedspread offers some visual relief and balances the overall scheme.


The final element, texture, refers to the tactile and visual conformity of the surfaces of items within a space, and of the space itself. Think of the texture of wool and cotton or velvet and silk; in a room without any pattern, these textures help create the depth and complexity necessary for successful design. Some modern houses may show you good example of textures blended with architecture. At the most basic level, there are four primary types of texture:


Hewn wood and stucco; these textures can visually reduce a space.


Glass and chrome; these textures transfer light and visually expand a space.


Brick, tile, glossy woods, and opaque glass are considered hard surfaces.


Primarily fabrics, but surfaces with a matte finish can also be considered soft. From the softness of the linens, the buttery leather of the side chair, to the glossiness of table and natural hide rug, the textures in this room offer a sense of visual depth and physical comfort. These five elements and seven principles are the foundation for creating a successful plan and should be considered at every step in the design process. Of course, while it’s true that rules are made to be broken, until you have a solid understanding of what those rules are and why they exist, you’ll n ever understand how best to bend them to your advantage.

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